Czech Extreme |TOP|
Join J.F. Gonzalez Lifetime Achievement-winning author Edward Lee and MadnessHeart Press as we strive to bring you the very best of twisted, sordid, and sickening stories of Czech extreme horror from 7 authors, translated and published in English for the very first time. With an accompanying novella from Edward Lee, this collection includes monsters, killers, perversion, terror, and splattery gore-soaked beauty.
This page presents a high-level insight into extreme events and how extreme events differ from mean climate. Extremes are often related to different physical processes than those that govern long-term means. While an average change in precipitation is primarily due to circulation changes, extremes are much more sensitive to the thermodynamic state and conditions during specific days. Therefore, it is important to compare and contrast trends and projections in means against those of rare events.
Where exactly the most extreme precipitation then might happen is also somewhat uncertain as current local conditions over a broader region can dictate the dynamical process of triggering an event, although sometimes physical settings (e.g., topography) can lead to areas with higher likelihood of occurrence. Overall, extreme events have to be seen as requiring a set of pre-conditions tied with a probabilistic element of initiation. This is why extreme thunderstorms can affect one place, while a few kilometers away there is hardly any precipitation registered.
Extreme events reflect rare (weather) events and therefore represent different characteristics of climate than the long-term means. Compare the maps to recognize potentially contrasting trends and different magnitudes of change between mean precipitation (top left) and the largest event during the period (top right) with the extreme statistics indicators for different return periods for the globe (bottom left) and country (bottom right).
Analyzing extreme events requires specialized statistical tools that make use of Extreme Value Theory (EVT). Means and standard deviations are not suited to describe the behavior at the tails (rare occurrence) of the data distribution. EVT employs flexible functions that estimate the frequency of rare, high magnitude events. The following graphs illustrate the process of (1) fitting a continuous generalized EV-function to the data as represented in form of a histogram (number of sample in different magnitudes bins), and (2) a comparison of the quantiles between empirical (actual model values) and their function-fitted representation (Density Plot). The closer the functional representation can follow the data, the better is the fit throughout the range of values.
While hard to see in the histogram, the QQ-Plot highlights the challenges towards the highest, most extreme values. There, it is normal that the fit starts to deviate somewhat. Confidence bands are important to recognize at what level of magnitude the fit starts to fail (where there is not enough data to offer robust estimates).
Although impacts of extremely cold temperatures on human health have been widely studied, adverse effects of other extreme weather phenomena have so far received much less attention. We employed a high-quality long-term mortality time series (1982-2017) to evaluate impacts of extreme winter weather in the Czech Republic. We aimed to clarify whether compound events of extreme weather cause larger impacts on mortality than do each type of extreme if evaluated individually. Using daily data from the E-OBS and ERA5 datasets, we analyzed 9 types of extreme events: extreme wind gust, precipitation, snowfall, and sudden temperature and pressure changes. Relative mortality deviations from the adjusted baseline were used to estimate the immediate effect of the selected extreme events on excess mortality. The impact was adjusted for the effect of extreme cold. Extreme events associated with sudden rise of minimum temperature and pressure drops had generally significant impact on excess mortality (3.7% and 1.4% increase). The impacts were even more pronounced if these events occurred simultaneously or were compounded with other types of extremes, such as heavy precipitation, snowfall, maximum temperature rise, and their combinations (increase as great as 14.4%). Effects of some compound events were significant even for combinations of extremes having no significant impact on mortality when evaluated separately. On the other hand, a "protective" effect of pressure increases reduced the risk for its compound events. Meteorological patterns during extreme events linked to excess mortality indicate passage of a low-pressure system northerly from the study domain. We identified extreme winter weather events other than cold temperatures with significant impact on excess mortality. Our results suggest that occurrence of compound extreme events strengthen the impacts on mortality and therefore analysis of multiple meteorological parameters is a useful approach in defining adverse weather conditions.
The Czech Republic, a proud and breath-taking country filled with mysticism, holiness, and astounding cultural beauty. Join J.F. Gonzalez Lifetime Achievement-winning author Edward Lee and MadnessHeart Press as we strive to bring you the very best of twisted, sordid, and sickening stories of Czech extreme horror from 7 authors, translated and published in English for the very first time. With an accompanying novella from Edward Lee, this collection includes monsters, killers, perversion, terror, and splattery gore-soaked beauty. Welcome to Czech Extreme.
EconPapers FAQ Archive maintainers FAQ Cookies at EconPapers Format for printing The RePEc blog The RePEc plagiarism page The Czech Extreme Right: Alternative EuropeanismČeská krajní pravice: alternativní evropanstvíAntonín HákaSoučasná Evropa, 2015, vol. 2015, issue 2, 145-163Abstract:For centuries, people in Europe realise that Europeanism is a part of their identity. This article focuses on the question of Europeanism and conceptions of european integration of the Czech far right. The results reveal that their attitudes are based either on a completely closed or very closed idea of collective identity. Mass immigration is seen as a threat to both european nations and Europeans. Their stance on EU can be described as a hostile rejection with the emphasis put on the immigration policy which could irredeemably harm the affairs of the nation and race. They offer a completely different and sometimes nebulous form of european integration which is based on refusal of a centralist conception and support of the idea of nation state.Keywords: the extreme right; Europeanism; national identity; Worker's Party of Social Justice; European Patriots; Generation of Identity; krajní pravice; evropanství; národní identita; Dělnická strana sociální spravedlnosti; Evropští patrioti; Generace Identity (search for similar items in EconPapers)Date: 2015References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc Citations: Track citations by RSS feedDownloads: (external link) -201502-0008_Ceska-kra ... ivni-evropanstvi.php (text/html) (application/pdf)free of chargeRelated works:This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/TextPersistent link: :prg:jnlsev:v:2015:y:2015:i:2:id:127:p:145-163Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered fromCentrum evropských studií VŠE Praha Obfuscate( 'vse.cz', 'stuchliz' )Access Statistics for this articleSoučasná Evropa is currently edited by Josef BičMore articles in Současná Evropa from Prague University of Economics and Business Contact information at EDIRC.Bibliographic data for series maintained by Stanislav Vojir (Obfuscate( 'vse.cz', 'webmaster' )). var addthis_config = "data_track_clickback":true; var addthis_share = url:" :prg:jnlsev:v:2015:y:2015:i:2:id:127:p:145-163"Share This site is part of RePEc and all the data displayed here is part of the RePEc data set. Is your work missing from RePEc? Here is how to contribute. Questions or problems? Check the EconPapers FAQ or send mail to Obfuscate( 'oru.se', 'econpapers' ). EconPapers is hosted by the Örebro University School of Business.
"It's a risk of style", says 38-year-old singer Marek, who is laconic on the ideological confusions of extreme music subcultures. For their band, Nazi references are just punk provocations, part of the theatre. "We want to piss people off. We know where our place is, and our creed is solidarity and respect for others, even though we may bring knives or scythes to gigs," clarifies Marek, who's been on the local independent music scene for over twenty years, in emo-hardcore bands Lakmé and Remek and the electronic project V0nt.
In other cases however, the symbolism of evil goes much deeper, permeating into everyday life and politics. Some extreme musicians can't really decide what their standpoint is, one statement often contradicting another. In the Czech Republic we have several overtly racist bands that are internationally renowned. "I've always thought of Black Metal's association with National Socialism as another means of rebellion and hatred towards the outside world, similar to all of Anti-Christianity," says Michal, formerly a singer of one such band,the Děčín-based Sekhmet.
"I'm interested in the music because of its extremes," he says. "I'll never buy their T-shirt or an album, they won't get any of my money. But they might be interesting because they're pushing musical expressiveness." Marek's bandmate Vojta, ten years his junior, fills in: "Sometimes I don't feel all that great about it, but the desire to listen to it and look at the other side is stronger. I've always been more interested in Mordor and the Orcs in Lord Of The Rings." 041b061a72