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Sessions 18 and 19. Assistant State Attorney submits Prosecution Document 505, a cable from Joseph Kennedy, American Ambassador in London. The cable describes a meeting with Ribbentrop about possible Jewish emigration to foreign nations. Bar-Or submits a report on Eichmann's trip to Palestine and Egypt. Blip at 00:09:21 and Bar-Or continues to submit relevant documentation.Blip at 00:11:30. Court is not in session; Defense Attorney Dr. Robert Servatius and the Judges enter the room. Presiding Judge Moshe Landau reprimands Bar-Or for using so much time to submit fifty documents. Bar-Or asserts the importance of the documents. Following a blip at 00:17:24, Bar-Or questions witness Dr. Paul Meretz about Fuch's disappearance, and the Jewish immigration center in Prague. After another blip at 00:19:40, witness Walli Malka Zimet answers questions about the Jewish Emmigration Office in Czechoslovakia. She explains that Adolf Eichmann and Gunther directed the office, and describes the hierarchy and duties in the emigration office.Blip at 00:25:51. Witness Max Burger details the selection process in Moravska Ostrava: "They proceeded in alphabetical order and completely disregarded peoples' objections regarding illness or frailty." After selection, the Jews were taken to a railway station and put onto sealed passenger cars with no food or water. Burger and the other Jews in his transport were released at Nizko and instructed to meet with Eichmann: "...Eichmann told us the Jews were forbidden to recross the San [River] in the opposite direction." Burger describes the Nizko Ghetto; the ghetto was overrun with disease, lacking in food and water, and had no housing. Bar-Or continues to question Burger about the conditions at Nizko. The picture becomes severely distorted after a blip at 00:42:03. THERE IS TECHNICALLY NO PICTURE ON THE REST OF THIS TAPE, THOUGH THE SOUND REMAINS STRONG AND UNDERSTANDABLE. Judge Yitzchak Raveh asks Burger to identify the Accused, and after a positive identification, the witness is dismissed.Attorney General Gideon Hausner discusses the prospect of sending an Israeli Judge abroad to hear testimony of Defense witnesses: "The Governemnt does not see that it is necessary to ask foreign states for permission... [for] an Israel Judge to enter their territory and hear evidence..." Hausner discusses affidavits and Nuremberg policy toward affidavits. Defense Attorney Dr. Robert Servatius offers his opinion, and the Judges state they will give their decision tomorrow morning.
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The camera fades in on Hausner and Servatius seated in the courtroom. Assistant State Attorney Gavriel Bach enters (00:01:34). The camera pans to the empty booth. Adolf Eichmann enters the booth (00:02:51). All rise as the judges enter and Presiding Judge Moshe Landau opens the ninety-second session (00:04:58). Hausner begins cross-examination of the accused (00:05:23).Hausner continues his questioning from the previous session about the term "by order" (im Auftrage) which Eichmann used when he signed documents. This is duplicate footage also found on Tape 2133 (at 00:00:45 and again at 01:01:32). The footage on Tape 2133 is less complete. Eichmann is then questioned about when he first learned of Hitler's order for the "Final Solution" (00:24:48). Hausner attempts to determine exactly when Eichmann learned of the order and he presents a series of documents that show that Eichmann knew of the order much earlier than he claims.Hasuner questions Eichmann about the Madagascar Plan and asks when the plan was shelved in favor of the plan to exterminate the Jews (00:28:30). The Madagascar Plan predated the Nazi period but was revived during the war. Under this plan, Europe's Jews were to be expelled to the island of Madgascar, which belonged to the French. Hausner presents a series of documents to the accused asking him to indicate when, in the documents, the phrase "Final Solution" no longer means the Madagascar Plan but instead means extermination (00:37:06). Judge Raveh asks Eichmann to show them a particular document concerning deportations to the East (00:45:22). There is some visual interference but the audio continues uninterrupted (00:46:19).Some of the footage repeats. Judge Halevi questions the accused about a document which makes reference to the deportation of 50,000 Jews from Austria, Germany, and Czechoslovakia to Riga and Minsk (00:52:07). Hausner points out that Eichmann participated in a meeting in Prague on 10 October 1941 during which the deportation of 50,000 Jews was discussed, and that by this point Eichmann was aware that the "Final Solution" meant deportation to the East and then extermination.Eichmann is then questioned about his department, Section IVB4, and their involvement with other departments of the Reich Main Security Office (RSHA), in matters concerning the press and radio (00:56:38). Eichman testifies that the term "participate" did not mean actually taking part in the work. Hausner asks Eichmann whether he was aware that Eichmann's murderous activities were reported in journals outside Germany (00:59:54). The Attorney General cites a London-based journal called Die Zeitung dated 24 October 1941 which refers to Eichmann as the murderer of the Jews of Germany. Eichmann states that he has found many errors in such documents, and goes on to testify that other documents clearly show that he had nothing to do with "the killing and destruction."Hausner returns to the Madagascar plan, asking Eichmann if he ever made any practical attempts to promote it (01:04:23). The accused states that he did preliminary work after the plan had been approved and that he was the initiator of the idea itself. Hausner asks if the Madagascar Plan was meant to be implemented after the war with France was over (01:07:53). Eichmann begins to state that it would have been initiated once the peace treaty was signed when the footage ends. This section is duplicate footage also found on Tape 2134 (at 00:00:35). The footage on Tape 2134 is more complete.
Session 86. Eichmann says that he was in charge of organizing things insofar as he would write down the decisions made by his superiors. At the beginning, he says, he wrote down orders and passed them along to the Ministry of the Interior or other departments. He talks about his typist having nothing to do because of this, and he will return to this topic later.00:14:38 Session 81. Dr. Servatius is submitting a document concerning visits to camps. Eichmann talks about visits from the Head Office of Reich Security happening whenever there were issues that could affect the entire Reich. There were inspection tours and visits concerning personal requests from Himmler. He lists some sentences from police of Theresienstadt prior to his visit ordering the execution of certain people. He says none of these were because of his visit. He was also asked to relieve the ban on correspondence, and said he was not competent, asking other offices to take care of it. 00:26:22 Court adjourns for the day.00:28:29 Session 41. Henrich Grueber is testifying. He says that he was never under the impression that Eichmann was waiting for a reply from his superiors, he seemed to be the man who made the decisions, but he didn't know if that was only the image Eichmann tried to project. Dr. Servatius asks about Eichmann referring to superior's orders in the "I" form. He says that this was rather common, but not as much as Eichmann did it.00:34:14 Session 51. The Judges enter the court and open the 51st session of the trial. The Prosecution begins submitting a document concerning Hungarian Jewish children deported by the Czechoslovakian government.00:38:38 Session 53. Dr. Alexander (Sandor) Brody, a Hungarian Jew, testifies. He says that Eichmann gave them the children for deportation and forced them out. He says, when questioned, that he only speaks the truth, he is under oath.
Learn about over 1,000 camps and ghettos in Volumes I-III of this encyclopedia, which are available as a free PDF download. This reference provides text, photographs, charts, maps, and extensive indexes. 041b061a72