Rizal Without The Overcoat: Ambeth Ocampo's Popular and Engaging Writings on Jose Rizal PDF Free Download
Rizal Without The Overcoat By Ambeth Ocampo Pdf Free Download
If you are interested in learning more about Jose Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines, you might want to read Rizal Without The Overcoat by Ambeth Ocampo. This book is a collection of essays that reveal the human side of Rizal, beyond the myths and stereotypes that have been created about him. In this article, I will tell you more about the author, the book, and why you should read it. I will also show you how you can download a free PDF copy of the book online.
Rizal Without The Overcoat By Ambeth Ocampo Pdf Free Download
Who is Ambeth Ocampo?
Ambeth Ocampo is a Filipino historian, academic, journalist, and author. He is known for his popular writings on Philippine history, culture, and society. He has written several books, such as Looking Back, Bones of Contention, Mabini's Ghost, and Meaning and History. He is also a professor at the Ateneo de Manila University and a former chairman of the National Historical Commission of the Philippines.
What is Rizal Without The Overcoat?
Rizal Without The Overcoat is one of Ocampo's most famous books. It was first published in 1990 and has since been reprinted several times. It is a collection of 94 essays that Ocampo wrote for his newspaper column in the Philippine Daily Inquirer. The essays cover various aspects of Rizal's life, works, and legacy. They are written in a simple, witty, and engaging style that makes history accessible and enjoyable for readers.
Why is this book important?
This book is important because it shows a different perspective on Rizal than what most Filipinos are taught in school. Instead of presenting Rizal as a flawless hero, a genius, a martyr, or a saint, Ocampo portrays him as a human being with strengths and weaknesses, passions and flaws, joys and sorrows. He also challenges some of the myths and stereotypes that have been created about Rizal over time. He uses historical sources and documents to support his arguments and to give readers a glimpse of Rizal's own words and thoughts.
How does Ocampo portray Rizal as a human being?
Ocampo portrays Rizal as a human being by highlighting some of the aspects of his personal life that are often overlooked or ignored by other historians. He shows that Rizal was not only a brilliant writer, scholar, artist, and patriot, but also a son, a brother, a friend, a lover, and a hobbyist. He explores some of the details of Rizal's childhood and family, education and travels, love life and hobbies.
Rizal's childhood and family
Ocampo reveals that Rizal had a happy and comfortable childhood in Calamba, Laguna. He was the seventh of eleven children of Francisco Mercado and Teodora Alonso. He was close to his siblings, especially his older brother Paciano, who influenced his political views and supported his education. He also had a good relationship with his parents, who encouraged his talents and interests. He learned to read and write at an early age, and showed signs of intelligence and creativity.
Rizal's education and travels
Ocampo shows that Rizal was a diligent and curious student who excelled in various fields of study. He attended the Ateneo Municipal de Manila, where he graduated as one of the top students in his class. He also studied at the University of Santo Tomas, where he took up medicine and philosophy. However, he was dissatisfied with the quality of education in the Philippines, so he decided to pursue his studies abroad. He traveled to Spain, France, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy, England, Belgium, and Japan. He learned several languages, such as Spanish, French, German, English, Italian, Japanese, and Arabic. He also met many influential people, such as Ferdinand Blumentritt, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Juan Luna, Antonio Luna, Jose Maria Basa, Maximo Viola, and others.
Rizal's love life and hobbies
Ocampo reveals that Rizal was a romantic and adventurous person who had many love affairs with different women. Some of his famous lovers were Segunda Katigbak, Leonor Valenzuela, Leonor Rivera, Consuelo Ortiga y Rey, O-Sei San, Nellie Boustead, Suzanne Jacoby, Josephine Bracken, and others. He also had hobbies that reflected his diverse interests and skills. He liked to collect shells, insects, plants, books, stamps, coins, and other objects. He also liked to draw, paint, sculpt, carve wood and ivory, write poetry and novels, play chess and music, practice martial arts and fencing, and perform magic tricks.
How does Ocampo challenge the myths and stereotypes about Rizal?
Ocampo challenges the myths and stereotypes about Rizal by questioning some of the assumptions and interpretations that have been made about him by other historians or by popular culture. He shows that Rizal was not a simple or straightforward figure, but a complex and contradictory one. He explores some of the controversies and debates that surround Rizal's role in the Philippine Revolution, his views on religion and politics, and his death and legacy.
Rizal's role in the Philippine Revolution
Ocampo challenges the myth that Rizal was the leader or founder of the Katipunan, the secret society that launched the armed uprising against Spain in 1896. He shows that Rizal was not aware of or involved in the Katipunan's plans, and that he actually opposed violence as a means of achieving independence. He also shows that Rizal was not the inspiration or instigator of the revolution, but rather one of its victims. He argues that Rizal was executed by the Spanish colonial authorities not because he was guilty of rebellion, but because he was a convenient scapegoat.
Rizal's views on religion and politics
Ocampo challenges the stereotype that Rizal was a devout Catholic or a radical atheist. He shows that Rizal had a complicated relationship with religion, and that he underwent various stages of faith and doubt throughout his life. He also shows that Rizal had diverse and evolving political views, and that he was not a dogmatic or rigid thinker. He argues that Rizal was neither a conservative nor a radical, but rather a reformist or a liberal. He explains that Rizal advocated for peaceful reforms within the Spanish colonial system, such as representation in the Cortes, freedom of speech and press, secularization of education, and equal rights for Filipinos.
Rizal's death and legacy
Ocampo challenges the myth that Rizal died as a hero or a martyr. He shows that Rizal died as a human being who had fears and regrets, hopes and dreams, loves and hates. He also shows that Rizal's legacy is not fixed or final, but rather dynamic and changing. ...a static or a perfect model, but rather a dynamic and a human one. He explains that Rizal is not a property or a symbol of any group or ideology, but rather a challenge and a question for every Filipino.
How does Ocampo use historical sources and documents to support his arguments?
Ocampo uses historical sources and documents to support his arguments by citing and quoting from them extensively. He shows that he has done a lot of research and analysis on Rizal's life, works, and legacy. He also shows that he has access to rare and valuable materials that are not widely available or known to the public. He uses some of the following sources and documents:
Rizal's letters and diaries
Ocampo uses Rizal's letters and diaries to show his personal thoughts and feelings, his relationships with his family and friends, his opinions on various issues and events, and his experiences in different places and situations. He also uses them to show Rizal's humor, sarcasm, irony, and wit. He quotes from some of Rizal's famous letters, such as his letter to the young women of Malolos, his letter to Blumentritt on the Noli Me Tangere, his letter to his parents before his execution, and others.
Rizal's works and publications
Ocampo uses Rizal's works and publications to show his literary and artistic talents, his political and social views, his historical and cultural insights, and his scientific and philosophical interests. He also uses them to show Rizal's influences, references, sources, and inspirations. He quotes from some of Rizal's famous works, such as his novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, his poems Mi Ultimo Adios and A La Juventud Filipina, his essays The Indolence of the Filipinos and The Philippines A Century Hence, and others.
Rizal's testimonies and trials
Ocampo uses Rizal's testimonies and trials to show his courage and dignity, his defense and justification, his accusations and criticisms, and his hopes and regrets. He also uses them to show the injustice and oppression that Rizal faced from the Spanish colonial authorities. He quotes from some of Rizal's testimonies before the military court in Manila, before the civil governor in Dapitan, before the Jesuits in Barcelona, before the Freemasons in Madrid, and others.
Summary of the main points
In conclusion, Rizal Without The Overcoat by Ambeth Ocampo is a book that offers a fresh and fascinating perspective on Jose Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines. It is a collection of essays that reveal the human side of Rizal, beyond the myths and stereotypes that have been created about him. It portrays Rizal as a human being with strengths and weaknesses, passions and flaws, joys and sorrows. It challenges some of the myths and stereotypes about Rizal's role in the Philippine Revolution, his views on religion and politics, and his death and legacy. It uses historical sources and documents to support its arguments and to give readers a glimpse of Rizal's own words and thoughts.
Recommendations for further reading
If you enjoyed reading this book, you might want to read more books by Ambeth Ocampo or other books about Jose Rizal. Here are some recommendations for further reading:
Looking Back by Ambeth Ocampo: This is another collection of essays by Ocampo that covers various topics on Philippine history, culture, and society.
Rizal: Philippine Nationalist And Martyr by Austin Coates: This is a biography of Rizal that focuses on his role as a nationalist and a martyr.
The First Filipino by Leon Ma. Guerrero: This is another biography of Rizal that focuses on his role as a Filipino and a leader.
Noli Me Tangere by Jose Rizal: This is Rizal's first novel that exposes the abuses and corruption of the Spanish colonial system in the Philippines.
...the consequences and challenges of the Philippine Revolution.
Call to action
If you are interested in reading Rizal Without The Overcoat by Ambeth Ocampo, you can download a free PDF copy of the book online. Just click on the link below and follow the instructions. You will need a PDF reader to open and view the file. You can also print or share the file with your friends and family.
Rizal Without The Overcoat by Ambeth Ocampo PDF Free Download
I hope you enjoyed this article and learned something new about Jose Rizal. If you have any questions or comments, feel free to leave them below. I would love to hear from you. Thank you for reading and have a great day!
Here are some frequently asked questions about Rizal Without The Overcoat by Ambeth Ocampo:
When was Rizal Without The Overcoat first published?
Rizal Without The Overcoat was first published in 1990 by Anvil Publishing.
How many essays are there in Rizal Without The Overcoat?
There are 94 essays in Rizal Without The Overcoat, divided into six sections: Rizal and His Times, Rizal and His Heroes, Rizal and His Women, Rizal and His Writings, Rizal and His Afterlife, and Rizal Miscellany.
What is the main theme of Rizal Without The Overcoat?
The main theme of Rizal Without The Overcoat is to show the human side of Rizal, beyond the myths and stereotypes that have been created about him.
Who is the target audience of Rizal Without The Overcoat?
The target audience of Rizal Without The Overcoat is anyone who is interested in learning more about Jose Rizal, the national hero of the Philippines.
What are some of the benefits of reading Rizal Without The Overcoat?
Some of the benefits of reading Rizal Without The Overcoat are: it can increase your knowledge and appreciation of Philippine history, culture, and society; it can inspire you to emulate Rizal's virtues and values; it can challenge you to think critically and creatively about Rizal's life, works, and legacy; and it can entertain you with Ocampo's witty and engaging writing style.